Pour over coffee is a method of brewing coffee in which hot water is poured over ground coffee beans in a filter. The liquid coffee drips through the filter and into a carafe or a mug. This method of brewing coffee has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century.
The origins of pour over coffee can be traced back to Germany in the early 1900s. A German housewife named Melitta Bentz was the first person to invent the pour over method. She was frustrated with the coarse, gritty coffee that was produced by the traditional coffee brewing methods of her time. In 1908, Bentz punched holes in the bottom of a brass pot and placed a piece of filter paper inside. She then added coffee grounds and poured hot water over them, creating the first pour over coffee maker.
Bentz’s invention was quickly embraced by the German public, and soon other companies began to produce pour over coffee makers. In the 1920s, a German engineer named Ernst Schlumbohm invented the first pour over coffee maker made of glass, which he called the “Chemex.” The Chemex became a popular choice among coffee enthusiasts and is still widely used today.
In the decades that followed, pour over coffee continued to grow in popularity. In the 1950s and 60s, the pour over method was introduced to the United States and quickly gained a following among coffee aficionados. The popularity of pour over coffee in the U.S. increased further in the 2000s, with the rise of the third-wave coffee movement.
The third-wave coffee movement was an effort to improve the quality of coffee and to make it more accessible to the general public. As part of this movement, specialty coffee shops began to appear, offering high-quality coffee made using pour over methods. Many of these shops also began to experiment with different brewing techniques, such as using different types of filters or adjusting the pouring patterns to produce the best possible cup of coffee.
Pour over coffee has also become increasingly popular among home coffee enthusiasts. With the rise of specialty coffee shops, more and more people have been introduced to pour over coffee and have started to experiment with it at home. Many different pour over coffee makers and accessories are now available for purchase, making it easy for people to make high-quality coffee in the comfort of their own homes.
In conclusion, pour over coffee has come a long way since Melitta Bentz first invented it in 1908. Today, it is a popular method of brewing coffee among coffee enthusiasts, specialty coffee shops, and home coffee enthusiasts alike. The pour over method’s ability to produce a clean and crisp cup of coffee, while retaining the coffee’s natural flavors and aromas, continues to make it a favored brewing method among coffee connoisseurs.